Results indicated that negative proximal processes in the form of parent-adolescent conflict, friend rejection, peer pressure, delinquent friends, and school hassles were significant predictors of aggression. In addition, social capital in the form of ethnic identity, religious orientation, and school satisfaction served as buffers against aggression. Negative proximal processes were more salient predictors than positive proximal processes. School and neighborhood characteristics had a minimal impact on aggression. Overall, rates of aggression did not change significantly over the 3-year study window.
Findings highlight the need to intervene in order to decrease negative interactions in the peer and parent domains
By: Smokowski PR1,2, Guo S3, Cotter KL4, Evans CB1, Rose RA1.
- 1University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Social Work, North Carolina Academic Center for Excellence in Youth Violence Prevention, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
- 2University of Kansas School of Social Welfare, Lawrence, Kansas.
- 3Washington University George Warren Brown School of Social Work, St. Louis, Missouri.
- 4Arizona State University School of Social Work, Tucson, Arizona