Sunday, August 16, 2015

Violent and non-violent methods of attempted and completed suicide in Swedish young men: The role of early risk factors

Below:  Time-lag between the first suicide attempt and subsequent suicide in 133 men, expressed in years

Below:  Survival curves for suicide in attempters and non-attempters

A total of 1195 (2.4 %) men had made a suicide attempt and of these, 133 (11.1 %) committed suicide later. The number of suicide victims among the non-attempters was 482 (1 %). Half of the suicides occurred during the same year as the attempt. Suicide victims had earlier onset of suicidal behaviour and had more often used hanging as a method of attempted suicide than those who did not later commit suicide. The early risk factors for both violent and non-violent methods of suicide attempt were quite similar.

Violent suicide attempts, especially by hanging, are associated with a clearly elevated suicide risk in men and require special clinical and public health attention. The early risk factors related to the choice of either a violent or a non-violent suicide attempt method are interlinked and circumstantial factors temporally close to the suicide attempt, such as access to a specific method, may partly explain the choice of method.

Read more at: HT @karolinskainst 

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